- Facts and Statistics
- Historical Timeline
Facts & Statistics
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Riyal (SR). US$ 1 = SR 3.75.
23 September 1932 (unification of the Kingdom).
Monarchy with a Consultative Council and a Council of Ministers.
The Holy Qur'an is the constitution while governance is according to Islamic law. The Basic Law was introduced in 1993 articulating the government's rights and responsibilities.
Based on Islamic law.
Municipal elections were incrementally introduced in 2005.
The Chief of State, Head of Government, and Prime Minister is King Abdallah bin Abd al-Aziz Al Saud.
The Consultative Council.
Supreme Council of Justice, Islamic Courts of First Instance and Appeals.
Al Bahah, Al Hudud Al Shamaliyah, Al Jawf, Al Madinah, Al Qasim, Al Riyadh, Al Sharqiya, 'Asir, Ha'il, Jizan, Makkah, Najran, Tabuk.
Dry desert climate of high temperature extremes with humidity along the coastal lines.
Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper.
24 million ***
Population Growth (annual %):
Life Expectancy (years):
Fertility Rate (births per woman):
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1,000 live births):
21 per 1000 lives births***
Under 5 Mortality Rate (per 1,000 children):
Literacy Total (% of ages 15 and above):
GDP (current, million SR):
GDP (real, million SR):
GDP Growth (real, annual %):
* Source: Central Department of Statistics, Ministry of Planning & Economy, 2003.
** Source: Saudi Arabia National Human Development Report 2003.
*** Source: Human Development Report 2007.
Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud (Ibn Saud) is born in Riyadh, but is exiled with his family to Kuwait at the age of 10.
Abdul Aziz Al Saud recaptures the city of Riyadh, beginning the process of unification.
Najd is united.
Mecca is united.
Asir is united.
Madina is united.
The kingdom of Saudi Arabia is unified with King Abdul Aziz Al Saud assuming the throne.
Oil is discovered.
Commercial production of oil begins, allowing for start of modernization.
Saudi Arabia becomes one of the original 51 chartered members of the United Nations.
King Saud bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud assumes the throne.
Legislative and executive powers are granted to the prime minister. The cabinet system is introduced.
King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud assumes the throne. King Faisal modernizes the government and its administration.
The First Development Plan is introduced.
King Khalid bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud assumes the throne, overseeing the nation's growth and industrialization.
King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud assumes the throne, continuing the nation's growth and modernization.
The Consultative Council (Majlis al Shura) is established. The Provincial Act is introduced.
The Basic Law is introduced.
The Consultative Council is given authority to propose new laws.
Municipal elections are introduced.
|2005||King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz succeeds King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz to the throne|
|2006||Saudi Arabia moves to formalize the royal succession|
|2007||Royal decree orders an overhaul of the judicial system|